Journal Articles

Fisher, Jonathan, and Bradley L. Hardy. 2023. “Money Matters: Consumption Variability Across the Income Distribution.” Fiscal Studies 44(3)

Despard, Mathieu, Stephen Roll, Michal Grinstein-Weiss, Bradley Hardy, and Janie Oliphant. 2022. “Can Behavioral Nudges and Incentives help Lower-Income Households Build Emergency Savings with Tax Refunds? Evidence from Field and Survey Experiments.” Journal of Consumer Affairs.

Francis, Dania, Bradley L. Hardy, and Damon Jones. 2022. “Black Economists on Race and Policy: Contributions to Education, Poverty and Mobility, and Public Finance.” Journal of Economic Literature 60(2), 454-93.

Hardy, Bradley, Charles Hokayem, and Stephen Roll. 2022. “Crashing Without a Parachute:Racial and Educational Disparities in Unemployment During COVID-19.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 698(1), 39-67.

Hardy, Bradley, Charles Hokayem, and James P. Ziliak. 2022. “Income Inequality, Race, and the EITC.” National Tax Journal 75(1)

Carr, Michael, and Bradley L. Hardy. 2022. “Racial Inequality Across Income Volatility & Employment.” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance.

Williams, Jhacova, Trevon D. Logan, and Bradley Hardy. 2021. “The Persistence of Historical Racial Violence and Political Suppression: Implications for Contemporary Regional Inequality.” The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 694(1), 92-107.

Logan, Trevon, Bradley Hardy, and John Parman. 2021. “Long-run Analysis of Regional Inequalities in the US.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 37(1): 49–69.

Hardy, Bradley L., and Dave Marcotte. 2020. “Ties that Bind? Family Income Dynamics and Children’s Post-Secondary Enrollment and Persistence. Review of Economics of the Household. 1-25.

Fahimullah, Fahad, Yi Geng, Bradley Hardy, Daniel Muhammad, and Jeffrey Wilkins. 2019. “Earnings, EITC, and Employment Responses to a $15 Minimum Wage: Will Low-Income Workers Be Better Off?Economic Development Quarterly 33(4), 331-350. *2019 REMI George I. Treyz Gold Award.

Hardy, Bradley L., Heather D. Hill, and Jennie Romich. 2019. “Strengthening Social Programs to Promote Economic Stability during Childhood.” SRCD Social Policy Report 32(2).

Hardy, Bradley L., Rhucha Samudra, and Jourdan A. Davis. 2019. “Cash Assistance in America: The Role of Race, Politics, and Poverty.” The Review of Black Political Economy 46(4): 306-324.

Casey, Marcus, and Bradley L. Hardy. 2018. “The Evolution of Black Neighborhoods Since Kerner.” RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences 4(6): 185–205. 

Hardy, Bradley L., Timothy Smeeding, and James P. Ziliak. 2018. “The Changing Safety Net for Low Income Parents and Their Children:  Structural or Cyclical Changes in Income Support Policy?Demography 55(1): 189-221.

Andrews, Rodney, Marcus Casey, Bradley L. Hardy, and Trevon D. Logan. 2017. “Location Matters: Historical Racial Segregation and Intergenerational Mobility.” Economics Letters 158: 67-72.

Hardy, Bradley L. 2017. “Income Instability and the Response of the Safety Net.” Contemporary Economic Policy 35(2): 312-330. *CEP Best Article Award for 2017.

Brown-Robertson, LaTanya, Marcus Casey, Bradley Hardy, and Daniel Muhammad. 2016. “Does the EITC Buffer Against Neighborhood Transition? Evidence from Washington D.C.?” American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings 106(5):360-362.

Hardy, Bradley L. 2014.  “Childhood Income Volatility and Adult Outcomes.” Demography 51(5): 1641-1655.

Hardy, Bradley L., and James P. Ziliak. 2014. “Decomposing Rising Income Volatility: The ‘Wild Ride’ at the Top and Bottom.” Economic Inquiry 52(1): 459-476. 

Hardy, Bradley L. 2012. “Black Female Earnings and Income Volatility.” The Review of Black Political Economy 39:465-75.

Ziliak, James P., Bradley Hardy, and Christopher Bollinger. 2011. “Earnings Volatility in America: Evidence from Matched CPS.” Labour Economics 18(6): 742-754.

Policy Reports and Briefs

Hardy, Bradley, Shria Holla, Elizabeth Krause, and James P. Ziliak. 2023. “Inequality in the United States: 1975-2022” in Country Studies: Inequalities in Europe and North America, A parallel study to the IFS Deaton Review. Institute for Fiscal Studies.

Wilson, Danielle, Sophie Collyer, Bradley Hardy, and Christopher Wimer. 2023. “State-Level Poverty Impacts of the Child Tax Credit in 2021.” Poverty and Social Policy Fact Sheet.

Gennetian, Lisa, and Bradley Hardy. 2023. “The Financial and Psychological Costs of Income Volatility.” Econofact.

Hardy, Bradley, Sophie M. Collyer, and Christopher T. Wimer.2023.“The Antipoverty Effects of the Expanded Child Tax Credit across States: Where Were the Historic Reductions Felt?” The Hamilton Project: Brookings Institution, Economic Studies.

Jones, Damon, Dania Francis, Fern Ramoutar, and Bradley Hardy. 2023. “Tracing the Color Line: An Overview of Black-White Economic Inequality in the United States.” Prepared for Uncovering Inequality, Ira A. Lipman Center for Journalism on Civil and Human Rights at Columbia University.

Hardy, Bradley. 2022. “Child Tax Credit Has a Critical Role in Helping Families Maintain Economic Stability.” Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

Hardy, Bradley, Charles Hokayem, and James P. Ziliak. 2022. “The EITC and Racial Income Inequality.” WorkRise-Urban Institute Research Brief.

Hardy, Bradley, and Trevon Logan. 2021. “The Way Back: Assessing Economic Recovery Among Black Americans During COVID-19.” The Hamilton Project: Brookings Institution, Economic Studies.

Gaines, Alexandra Cawthorne, Bradley Hardy, and Justin Schweitzer. 2021. “How Weak Safety Net Policies Exacerbate Regional and Racial Inequality.” Center for American Progress.

Hardy, Bradley L., and Trevon D. Logan. 2020. “Racial Economic Inequality Amid the COVID-19 Crisis.” The Hamilton Project Essay 2020-17: Brookings Institution, Economic Studies.

Hardy, Bradley and James P. Ziliak. 2020. “Money, money, money: The fiscal response to COVID-19.”

Hardy, Bradley L., and Dave E. Marcotte. 2020. “Education and the Dynamics of Middle-Class Status.” Brookings Institution, Economic Studies.

Kent, Ana H., and Bradley Hardy. 2019. “Renter Households Face Trade-offs Choosing Amenities or Price.” Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis—In the Balance Series.

Casey, Marcus, and Bradley L. Hardy. 2018. “50 years after the Kerner Commission report, the nation is still grappling with many of the same issues.”

Casey, Marcus, and Bradley L. Hardy. 2018. “Reduced unemployment doesn’t equal improved well-being for black Americans.”

Hardy, Bradley L., and Nicholas Gaffney. 2017. “Fractured Factions: Labor Unions, the Rust Belt, and Black America.” Prepared for Real Clear Markets and Brookings.

Hardy, Bradley L. 2016. “Addressing Income Volatility in America: Flexible Policy Solutions for Changing Economic Circumstances.” Prepared for Washington Center for Equitable Growth.

Hardy, Bradley L. 2016, “TANF Policy to Address Low, Volatile Income Among Disadvantaged Families.” Prepared for Council on Contemporary Families.

Hardy, Bradley L. 2016. “Race and Income Volatility: A Discussion with Bradley Hardy.” Aspen Institute Financial Security Program. Reposted by The Brookings Institution at

Hardy, Bradley, James P. Ziliak, and Charles Hokayem. 2008. “The economic impact of child care subsidies for Kentucky,” University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research Occasional Policy Brief No. 3.

Hardy, Bradley, Richard Kogan, and Arloc Sherman, and. 2005.  “What Are The Effects of Cutting Domestic Appropriations Another Two Percent?” Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

Parrott, Sharon, Arloc Sherman, and Bradley Hardy. 2005. “House Budget Resolution Would Require Much Deeper Cuts In Key Low-Income Programs Than Senate Budget Plan: Depth and Breadth of Cuts a Key Issue in the Budget Resolution Conference,” Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

Parrott, Sharon, Jim Horney, Isaac Shapiro, Ruth Carlitz, Bradley Hardy, and David Kamin. 2005.“Where Would the Cuts Be Made Under the President’s Budget? An Analysis of Reductions in Education, Human Services, Environment, and Community Development Programs,” Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.